Food and Farming

Food is something nutritious that we eat. It gives us energy and helps us to grow and keep our bodies healthy and strong. There are four main food groups: proteins, carbohydrates, fats, and vitamins and minerals. Humans are omnivores, which means they are designed to eat food from either plants or animals.

When plants and animals are grown or reared on a large scale for people to eat, it is called farming.

There are three main different types of farm: arable, pastoral and mixed. Arable farms produce crops (for example, wheat or vegetables), while pastoral farms raise animals for meat, wool or dairy products. Mixed farming is when a farm grows crops as well as keeping animals.

The following resource provides help with teaching these key elements of the ‘Food and Farming’ topic.

Click here for this helpful resource.


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